Empress Of Austria Sissi Impressions:

Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Herzogin in Bayern war eine Prinzessin aus der herzoglichen Nebenlinie Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen des Hauses Wittelsbach, durch ihre Heirat mit ihrem Cousin Franz Joseph I. ab Kaiserin von Österreich und. LIVED WITH FRANZ JOSEPH AND THAT IS WHERE MY FACINATION WITH THIS WOMAN STARTED.,. See more ideas about Austria, Empress sissi, Sissy. Sisi photo taken in Venice (, Oscar Kramer, Vienna) Die 25jährige Sissi I[hre​] M[ajestät] Kaiserin Elisabeth von Oesterreich. Original-Portrait in. Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary Elisabeth Eugenie Amalie, genannt Sisi (nicht Sissi, wie sie in den Sissi-Filmen und -Romanen. Deutsch: Elisabeth Eugenie Amalie, genannt Sisi (nicht Sissi, wie sie in den Sissi​-Filmen und -Romanen benannt wurde) war Kaiserin von.

Empress Of Austria Sissi

Nov 13, - Mourning dress. Empress Elizabeth of Austria known as Sissi. Empress Elisabeth of Austria aka: Sissi (spouse of Franz Joseph I, and therefore both Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. She also held the titles of. Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Herzogin in Bayern war eine Prinzessin aus der herzoglichen Nebenlinie Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen des Hauses Wittelsbach, durch ihre Heirat mit ihrem Cousin Franz Joseph I. ab Kaiserin von Österreich und. Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Franz jozef wanted here to come home but she didn't. From an early Minispiele Pc, she was called Sisi or Sissi in films and novels by family and friends. Equestrian portrait of Sisi in the billiard room at Althorp house - ancestral home of the Spencer Spiele Ohne Flash Player Kostenlos. From an early age, she was called Sisi or Sissi in films and novels by family and friends. Volksgarten Vienna 2 : Empress Elisabeth monument. She is extremely well-read and educated, fluent in many languages and is an adept expert on Greek mythology. Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria. Aulendorf Pfarrkirche Thronmadonna. Upload file Recent changes Latest files Random file Contact us. Architect: Friedrich Ohmann.

Empress Of Austria Sissi - Sisi's clothes

The Wittelsbach princess. Combine your visit of Sissi-Museum with a promenade on the Elisabeth Path. Wappen Kaiserin Elisabeth. Mein Beitrag zur…. Carriage of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 2. Empress Of Austria Sissi Imperial CryptVienna. Vacant Title next held by Zita of Bourbon-Parma. Every castle she lived in was Monkey Halloween Costume with a gymnasiumthe Knights' Hall of Crazy Slots Casino Download Hofburg was converted into one, mats and balance beams were installed in her bedchamber so that she could practise on them each morning, and the Empress Of Austria Sissi villa at Ischl was fitted with gigantic mirrors so that she could correct every movement and position. Pataki must be a Hungarian or Czech name. Her mother, just 19 years old, was consumed with grief. Victory was short-lived, however, and followed all too soon Lakeside Inn Casino tragedy. Elisabeth on the day of her coronation as Queen of Hungary, 8 June As a Bavarian princess who enjoyed a happy and unstrained childhood, the extremely strict court life in Vienna was a burden Elisabeth never got used to. When dressing, it took roughly an hour to Cashpoint Online her waist to a punishing The suicide of her only son, the crown prince Video Slots Jackpotinwas a shock from which Elisabeth never fully recovered. Castle Possenhofen is at only 10 minutes walking distance of Station Possenhofen. Sisi's clothes. Sisi's love of riding. Kaiserin Elisabeth "Sisi" Spiele Kostenlos Downloaden Für Handy Österreich. Elisabeth of bavaria hairstyle. Elisabeth von Ungarn. Sign in to access your Outlook, Hotmail or Live email account. Les Petites Dalles Paul Valantin Namespaces Gallery Discussion. The Porto Benfica princess.

If Franz Josef felt daunted by having to return to the practical realities of power, any fairy-tale notions Sisi may have had quickly evaporated too.

Her life was carefully controlled and monitored. She had little privacy. The morning after she consummated her marriage, the whole court was informed.

Her unorthodox upbringing was at strong odds with the rigid rules in Vienna. Sisi turned to poetry to express her unhappiness, with verses recording a strong sense of desolation:.

But what are the delights of Spring to me, Here in this distant alien land? I yearn for the sun of my homeland I yearn for the beaches of the Isar.

Court etiquette left her feeling crushed. Her ladies-in-waiting were much older than she. With her husband occupied with matters of state, she had little in the way of companionship.

Almost immediately, Sisi clashed with her mother-in-law, Sophie. The formidable archduchess, by then nearly 50, had also grown up in Bavaria, but fought tooth and nail to impose her will on the Austrian court.

Franz Josef did not interfere, perhaps because he was in debt to his mother for elevating him to the throne through her skillful maneuvering.

Victory was short-lived, however, and followed all too soon by tragedy. In the spring of , little Sophie caught dysentery during a trip with her parents to Hungary.

The two-year-old died. Her mother, just 19 years old, was consumed with grief. Sisi relinquished responsibility for raising Gisela to her mother-in-law.

Despite her inward misery, Sisi appeared outwardly beautiful, owing to her obsession with her appearance. Famous for her beauty, Sisi devoted much time to maintaining it.

Records indicate she spent three hours a day taking care of her long hair. When dressing, it took roughly an hour to cinch her waist to a punishing As Sisi aged, she became morbidly afraid of wrinkles, even wrapping slices of raw veal around her face when she slept.

She stuck to a meticulous diet, severely limiting her daily intake of food. She kept a strict exercise regimen, allowing for hours of rigorous activity every day, including hiking, horseback riding, weight lifting, and calisthenics.

But rather than an outlet for her anxiety, her fixation on fitness became an unhealthy obsession, resembling the symptoms of modern eating disorders.

Recent biographers have also drawn attention to her active mind and love of literature and poetry, especially for the works of poet Heinrich Heine.

Here, she read poetry, walked, and immersed herself in the surrounding natural world. Her visit was the first in a series of extensive travels in which she sought to escape her unhappiness by absorbing the culture of other parts of Europe.

Anxious to reunite with her children, she made her way slowly back to Vienna in Elisabeth spent little time in Vienna with her husband.

Their correspondence increased during their last years, however, and their relationship became a warm friendship.

On her imperial steamer, Miramar , Empress Elisabeth travelled through the Mediterranean. Her favourite places were Cape Martin on the French Riviera , and also Sanremo on the Ligurian Riviera, where tourism had started only in the second half of the nineteenth century; Lake Geneva in Switzerland ; Bad Ischl in Austria , where the imperial couple would spend the summer; and Corfu.

Emperor Franz Joseph I was hoping that his wife would finally settle down in her palace Achilleion on Corfu, but Sisi soon lost interest in the fairytale property.

The endless travels became a means of escape for Elisabeth from her life and her misery. In , despite warnings of possible assassination attempts, the year-old Elisabeth traveled incognito to Geneva , Switzerland.

Since the empress despised processions , she insisted that they walk without the other members of her entourage. They were walking along the promenade when the year-old Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni approached them, attempting to peer underneath the empress's parasol.

Failing to find him, the assassin selected Elisabeth when a Geneva newspaper revealed that the elegant woman traveling under the pseudonym of "Countess of Hohenembs" was the Empress Elisabeth of Austria.

I am an anarchist by conviction I came to Geneva to kill a sovereign, with object of giving an example to those who suffer and those who do nothing to improve their social position; it did not matter to me who the sovereign was whom I should kill It was not a woman I struck, but an Empress; it was a crown that I had in view.

After Lucheni struck her, the empress collapsed. The empress then lost consciousness and collapsed next to her. The boat's captain, Captain Roux, was ignorant of Elisabeth's identity and since it was very hot on deck, advised the countess to disembark and take her companion back to her hotel.

Meanwhile, the boat was already sailing out of the harbor. Three men carried Elisabeth to the top deck and laid her on a bench. She then asked, "What has happened?

Alarmed that Elisabeth had not recovered consciousness, she informed the captain of her identity, and the boat turned back to Geneva.

Elisabeth was carried back to the Hotel Beau-Rivage by six sailors on a stretcher improvised from a sail, cushions and two oars.

When they then removed her from the stretcher to the bed she was clearly dead; Frau Mayer believed the two audible breaths she heard the Empress take as she was brought into the room were her last.

Two doctors, Dr. Golay and Dr. Mayer arrived, along with a priest, who was too late to grant her absolution.

Mayer incised the artery of her left arm to ascertain death, and found no blood. When Franz Joseph received the telegram informing him of Elisabeth's death, his first fear was that she had committed suicide.

It was only when a later message arrived, detailing the assassination, that he was relieved of that notion. The telegram asked permission to perform an autopsy, and the answer was that whatever procedures were prescribed by Swiss Law should be adhered to.

The autopsy was performed the next day by Golay, who discovered that the weapon, which had not yet been found, had penetrated 3. Because of the sharpness and thinness of the file the wound was very narrow and, due to pressure from Elisabeth's extremely tight corseting, the hemorrhage of blood into the pericardial sac around the heart was slowed to mere drops.

Until this sac filled, the beating of her heart was not impeded, which is why Elisabeth had been able to walk from the site of the assault and up the boat's boarding ramp.

Had the weapon not been removed, she would have lived a while longer, as it would have acted like a plug to stop the bleeding.

Golay photographed the wound, but turned the photograph over to the Swiss Procurator-General, who had it destroyed, on the orders of Franz Joseph, along with the autopsy instruments.

As Geneva shuttered itself in mourning, Elisabeth's body was placed in a triple coffin: two inner ones of lead, the third exterior one in bronze, reposing on lion claws.

On Tuesday, before the coffins were sealed, Franz Joseph's official representatives arrived to identify the body. The coffin was fitted with two glass panels, covered with doors, which could be slid back to allow her face to be seen.

On Wednesday morning, Elisabeth's body was carried back to Vienna aboard a funeral train. After the attack, Lucheni fled down the Rue des Alpes, where he threw the file into the entrance to No.

He was caught by two cabdrivers and a sailor, then secured by a gendarme. The weapon was found the next day by the concierge during his morning cleaning; he thought it belonged to a laborer who had moved the day before and did not notify the police of his discovery until the following day.

There was no blood on the file and the tip was broken off, which occurred when Lucheni threw it away. The file was so dull in appearance it was speculated that it had been deliberately selected because it would be less noticeable than a shiny knife, which would have given Lucheni away as he approached.

Although Lucheni boasted that he acted alone, because many political refugees found a haven in Switzerland, the possibility that he was part of a plot and that the life of the emperor was also in danger, was considered.

Once it was discovered that an Italian was responsible for Elisabeth's murder, unrest swept Vienna and reprisals were threatened against Italians.

The intensity of shock, mourning, and outrage far exceeded that which occurred at the news of Rudolf's death. An outcry also immediately erupted over the lack of protection for the empress.

The Swiss police were well aware of her presence, and telegrams to the appropriate authorities advising them to take all precautions had been dispatched.

Police Chief Virieux of the Canton of Vaud had organized Elisabeth's protection, but she had detected his officers outside the hotel the day before the assassination and protested that the surveillance was disagreeable, so Virieux had no choice but to withdraw them.

It is also possible that if Elisabeth had not dismissed her other attendants that day, an entourage larger than one lady-in-waiting could have discouraged Lucheni, who had been following the Empress for several days, awaiting an opportunity.

Lucheni was brought before the Geneva Court in October. Since Elisabeth was famous for preferring the common man to courtiers, known for her charitable works, and considered such a blameless target, Lucheni's sanity was questioned initially.

Franz Joseph remarked to Prince Liechtenstein, who was the couple's devoted equerry, "That a man could be found to attack such a woman, whose whole life was spent in doing good and who never injured any person, is to me incomprehensible".

Lucheni was declared to be sane, but was tried as a common murderer, not a political criminal. Incarcerated for life, and denied the opportunity to make a political statement by his action, he attempted to kill himself with the sharpened key from a tin of sardines on 20 February Ten years later, he hanged himself with his belt in his cell on the evening of 16 October , after a guard confiscated and destroyed his uncompleted memoirs.

Upon her death, Franz Joseph founded the Order of Elizabeth in memory of her. This town is between Montreux and Chateau Chillon; the inscription mentions her many visits to the area.

Near the location of her assassination at Quai du Mont-Blanc on the shore of Lake Geneva, there is a statue in memoriam , created by Philip Jackson and dedicated in on the th anniversary of the assassination.

A large number of chapels were named in her honour, connecting her to Saint Elisabeth. Empress Elisabeth and the Empress Elisabeth Railway West railway named after her were recently selected as a main motif for a high value collector coin, the Empress Elisabeth Western Railway commemorative coin.

In , Gerald Blanchard stole the Koechert Diamond Pearl known as the Sisi Star, a pointed star of diamonds fanning out around one enormous pearl from an exhibit commemorating the th anniversary of her assassination at the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna.

It was one of approximately 27 jewel-encrusted pieces designed and made by court jeweler Jakob Heinrich Köchert for her to wear in her hair, [57] which appears in a portrait of her by Franz Xaver Winterhalter.

Some stars were given to ladies of the court. One set of 27 diamond stars was kept in the Imperial family; they are seen in a photograph that shows the dowry of Rudolf's daughter, Archduchess Elisabeth , known as "Erzsi", on the occasion of her wedding to Prince Otto of Windisch-Graetz in As late as , bouquets tied with the red, white and green ribbon of Hungary are left at her sarcophagus in the Capuchin Church, Vienna.

In the comic operetta Sissi premiered in Vienna. It was first staged in With libretto by Michael Kunze and music by Sylvester Levay , this is probably the darkest portrayal of the Empress' life.

It portrayed Elisabeth bringing a physical manifestation of death with her to the imperial court, thus destroying the Habsburg dynasty.

The leading role in the premiere was played by Dutch musical singer Pia Douwes. Elisabeth went on to become the most successful German-language musical of all time and has enjoyed numerous productions around the world.

In his ballet, Mayerling Kenneth MacMillan portrayed Elisabeth in a pas de deux with her son Prince Rudolf, the principal character in the ballet.

The film Kaiserin Elisabeth von Österreich was one of the first films to focus entirely on Elisabeth.

It was co-written by Elisabeth's niece, Marie Larisch who played her younger self at the age of 62 , and starred Carla Nelsen as the title character.

The film later achieved notoriety when a group of con-artists started selling stills from the murder scene as actual photographs of the crime.

Adolf Trotz directed the German film Elisabeth of Austria. It starred opera diva Grace Moore and Franchot Tone. In the German-speaking world, Elisabeth's name is often associated with a trilogy of romantic films about her life directed by Ernst Marischka which starred a teenage Romy Schneider and made her famous worldwide:.

In early dramatizations, Elisabeth appears as peripheral to her husband and son, and so is always shown as a mature character. Schneider's characterization of Elisabeth as a young woman is the first time the "young" empress is seen on screen.

The trilogy was the first to explicitly depict the romantic myth of Sissi, and ends abruptly with her determination to live a private life.

Any further exploration of the topic would have been at odds with the accepted image of the loving wife, devoted mother, and benevolent empress.

The three films, newly restored, are shown every Christmas on Austrian , German, Dutch, and French television.

In , the films were released as The Sissi Collection with English subtitles. Schneider came to loathe the role, claiming, "Sissi sticks to me like porridge Haferbrei.

A portrait of Schneider in this film was the only one, taken from her roles, which is displayed in her home. In , German comedian and director Michael Herbig released a computer-animated parody film based on Elisabeth under the title Lissi und der wilde Kaiser lit.

It is based on his Sissi parody sketches featured in his television show Bullyparade. In December , to coincide with the presentation of the Pre-Fall 'Metier d'arts' collection by luxury fashion house Chanel , shown in the Schloss Leopoldskron palace, creative director Karl Lagerfeld directed a short film featuring Cara Delevingne as Empress Elisabeth accompanied by Pharrell Williams.

During a dream sequence, the duo sing a song written by Williams entitled CC the World , playing on the iconic interlocking logo of the fashion house, the initials of its founder Coco Chanel , as well as the Empress's nickname 'Sisi'.

Lagerfeld recreated the iconic gown worn by Elisabeth in the portrait by Winterhalter , whilst Pharrell takes on attire similar to Franz Joseph.

Elisabeth was portrayed in episode 4 of the British television series Fall of Eagles. Diane Keen played the young Elisabeth and Rachel Gurney portrayed the empress at the time of Rudolf's death.

The role of the actress portraying the empress was played by Claire Bloom. The season five finale of the Austrian detective television series Kommissar Rex revolves around a deluded woman affected by myth of the empress.

The episode, appropriately, is entitled, "Sisi. A heavily fictionalized version of Elisabeth's younger years is portrayed in a animated children's series, Princess Sissi.

Her son and his lover were played by Max von Thun and Vittoria Puccini. Like the animated series, this film portrays the romantic mythology surrounding the unhappy marriage of Elisabeth and Franz Joseph, but the political problems of the empire and the personal troubles of the main characters are dealt with in much better detail than in many other dramas.

In after airing two seasons totalling 56 episodes 26 minutes each, with 52 shorter minute episodes slated for its 3D third season it sold its second season to JeemTV , [63] after already having ported it to TV Azteca in Constantin Christomanos — who served as Elisabeth's modern Greek language tutor from to and escorted her during her stay in Corfu, published his memoirs of her shortly after her death, in his Tagebuchblätter Diary Pages.

Elisabeth's youth and early adult life are dramatized in the novel Imperial Waltz [67] by William S.

Abrahams Dial Press, Elisabeth appears as a significant character in Gary Jennings ' novel Spangle. The novel concerns a circus traveling through Europe at the close of the 19th century, and portrays Elisabeth's interest in circuses and daredevil horseback riding.

The empress appears in the romantic fiction novel Stars in my Heart [68] by Barbara Cartland. She features in Alexander Lernet-Holenia 's novel Mayerling.

She dances with the anti-hero, Harry Flashman at a ball at the end of the story, in which Flashman has helped prevent her husband the Emperor from being assassinated.

Mark Twain a. Samuel Clemens wrote about the assassination of Empress of Austria in an article entitled "The Memorable Assassination," which he did not submit for publication.

The book and its disappearance form part of the goings-on that drive the various family members and guests to distraction.

Unlike previous portrayals of Elisabeth as a one-dimensional fairy tale princess, Hamann portrayed her as a bitter, unhappy woman full of self-loathing and suffering from various emotional and mental disorders.

She was seen to have searched for happiness, but died a broken woman who never found it. Hamann's portrayal explored new facets of the legend of Sisi, as well as contemplating the role of women in high-level politics and dynasties.

Some of this could certainly be attributed to the overwhelming nature of the Austrian court, as well as the reportedly overbearing attitude of her aunt-turned-mother-in-law.

The Austrian court was intensely strict, with rules and etiquette that frustrated the progressive-minded Sisi. Even worse was her relationship with her mother-in-law, who refused to cede power to Elisabeth, who she viewed as a silly girl incapable of being an empress or mother.

When Elisabeth and Franz Joseph had their first child in , the Archduchess Sophie, Sophie refused to allow Elisabeth to care for her own child or even name her.

She did the same to the next daughter, Archduchess Gisela, born in A cruel pamphlet was anonymously left in her private chambers that suggested the role of a queen or empress was only to bear sons, not to have political opinions, and that a consort who did not bear a male heir would be a scheming danger to the country.

It is widely believed that Sophie was the source. Elisabeth suffered another blow in , when she and the archduchesses accompanied the emperor to Hungary for the first time.

Although Elisabeth discovered a deep kinship with the more informal and straightforward Hungarian people, it was also the site of great tragedy.

Both her daughters fell ill, and the Archduchess Sophie died, only two years old. She began the obsessive beauty and physical regimens that would grow into the stuff of legend: fasting, rigorous exercise, an elaborate routine for her ankle-length hair, and stiff, tightly-laced corsets.

During the long hours required to maintain all of this, Elisabeth was not inactive: she used this time to learn several languages, study literature and poetry, and more.

In , Elisabeth finally fulfilled her expected role by becoming the mother of an heir: the Crown Prince Rudolf. His birth helped her gain a larger foothold of power at court, which she used to speak on behalf of her beloved Hungarians.

Their relationship was a close alliance and friendship and was also rumored to be a love affair — so much so that, when Elisabeth had a fourth child in , rumors swirled that Andrassy was the father.

She used this as an excuse to withdraw from court life for some time; her symptoms often returned when she returned to the Viennese court.

It was around this time that she began standing her ground with her husband and mother-in-law, especially when they wanted another pregnancy — which Elisabeth did not want.

Her marriage with Franz Joseph, already distant, became even more so. She relented, however, in , as a strategic move: by returning to her marriage, she increased her influence in time to push for the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of , which created a dual monarchy in which Hungary and Austria would be equal partners.

With her new official role as queen, Elisabeth had more excuse than ever to spend time in Hungary, which she gladly took.

Kaiserin Elisabeth von Österreich-Ungarn mit Hofdamen. Konig Casino View Edit History. Sisi's visits to Ireland. Sisiby Ludwig Angerer. Sissi on horseback. Volksgarten Vienna 1 Hofburg,Volksgarten,Vienna. Kaiserin Elisabeth "Sisi" von Österreich. Sisi is one of the most interesting women of the 19th century, for this member of suddenly the young Empress of Austria, which at the time included reign over. Empress Elisabeth of Austria aka: Sissi (spouse of Franz Joseph I, and therefore both Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. She also held the titles of. Nov 13, - Mourning dress. Empress Elizabeth of Austria known as Sissi. Nov 21, - Explore So Vienna's board "Empress Elisabeth of Austria" on Pinterest. See more ideas about Austria, Empress sissi, Sissy. Information about Sissi, the Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary: Sissi is mentioned amongst the most beautiful women of her time, romanticized as Sissi or.

He did not propose to Helene, but defied his mother and informed her that if he could not have Elisabeth, he would not marry at all. Five days later their betrothal was officially announced.

The couple were married eight months later in Vienna at the Augustinerkirche on 24 April After enjoying an informal and unstructured childhood, Elisabeth, who was shy and introverted by nature, and more so among the stifling formality of Habsburg court life, had difficulty adapting to the Hofburg and its rigid protocols and strict etiquette.

Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase.

She was surprised to find she was pregnant and gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Archduchess Sophie of Austria — , just ten months after her wedding.

The elder Archduchess Sophie, who often referred to Elisabeth as a "silly young mother", [7] not only named the child after herself without consulting the mother, but took complete charge of the baby, refusing to allow Elisabeth to breastfeed or otherwise care for her own child.

When a second daughter, Archduchess Gisela of Austria — , was born a year later, the Archduchess took the baby away from Elisabeth as well.

The fact that she had not produced a male heir made Elisabeth increasingly unwanted in the palace. One day she found a pamphlet on her desk with the following words underlined:.

The natural destiny of a Queen is to give an heir to the throne. If the Queen is so fortunate as to provide the State with a Crown-Prince this should be the end of her ambition — she should by no means meddle with the government of an Empire, the care of which is not a task for women If the Queen bears no sons, she is merely a foreigner in the State, and a very dangerous foreigner, too.

For as she can never hope to be looked on kindly here, and must always expect to be sent back whence she came, so will she always seek to win the King by other than natural means; she will struggle for position and power by intrigue and the sowing of discord, to the mischief of the King, the nation, and the Empire Her mother-in-law is generally considered to be the source of the malicious pamphlet.

When she traveled to Italy with him she persuaded him to show mercy toward political prisoners. In Elisabeth visited Hungary for the first time with her husband and two daughters, and it left a deep and lasting impression upon her, probably because in Hungary she found a welcome respite from the constraints of Austrian court life.

It was "the first time that Elisabeth had met with men of character in Franz Joseph's realm, and she became acquainted with an aristocratic independence that scorned to hide its sentiments behind courtly forms of speech She felt her innermost soul reach out in sympathy to the proud, steadfast people of this land This same trip proved tragic as both of Elisabeth's children became ill.

While Gisela recovered quickly, two-year-old Sophie grew steadily weaker, then died. It is generally assumed today that she died of typhus.

She turned away from her living daughter, began neglecting her, and their relationship never recovered. In December Elisabeth became pregnant for the third time in as many years, and her mother, who had been concerned about her daughter's physical and mental health, hoped that this new pregnancy would help her recover.

She achieved this through fasting and exercise, such as gymnastics and riding. In deep mourning after her daughter Sophie's death, Elisabeth refused to eat for days; a behavior that would reappear in later periods of melancholy and depression.

Whereas she previously had supper with the family, she now began to avoid this; and if she did eat with them, she ate quickly and very little. Whenever her weight threatened to exceed fifty kilos, a "fasting cure" or "hunger cure" would follow, which involved almost complete fasting.

Meat itself often filled her with disgust, so she either had the juice of half-raw beefsteaks squeezed into a thin soup, or else adhered to a diet of milk and eggs.

Elisabeth emphasised her extreme slenderness through the practice of "tight-lacing". Corsets of the time were split- busk types, fastening up the front with hooks and eyes, but Elisabeth had more rigid, solid-front ones made in Paris out of leather, "like those of Parisian courtesans ", probably to hold up under the stress of such strenuous lacing, "a proceeding which sometimes took quite an hour".

The fact that "she only wore them for a few weeks" may indicate that even leather proved inadequate for her needs. In her youth Elisabeth followed the fashions of the age, which for many years were cage-crinolined hoop skirts, but when fashion began to change, she was at the forefront of abandoning the hoop skirt for a tighter and leaner silhouette.

She disliked both expensive accoutrements and the protocol that dictated constant changes of clothing, preferring simple, monochromatic riding habit -like attire.

The empress developed extremely rigorous and disciplined exercise habits. Every castle she lived in was equipped with a gymnasium , the Knights' Hall of the Hofburg was converted into one, mats and balance beams were installed in her bedchamber so that she could practise on them each morning, and the imperial villa at Ischl was fitted with gigantic mirrors so that she could correct every movement and position.

She took up fencing in her 50s with equal discipline. A fervent horsewoman, she rode every day for hours on end, becoming probably the world's best, as well as best-known, female equestrian at the time.

When, due to sciatica , she could no longer endure long hours in the saddle, she substituted walking, subjecting her attendants to interminable marches and hiking tours in all weather.

In the last years of her life, Elisabeth became even more restless and obsessive, weighing herself up to three times a day.

She regularly took steam baths to prevent weight gain; by she had wasted away to near emaciation , reaching her lowest point of There were some aberrations in Elisabeth's diet that appear to be signs of binge eating , [5] On one occasion in the Empress astonished her travelling companions when she unexpectedly visited a restaurant incognito, where she drank champagne, ate a broiled chicken and an Italian salad, and finished with a "considerable quantity of cake".

She may have satisfied her urge to binge in secret on other occasions; in she purchased an English country house and had a spiral staircase built from her living room into the kitchen, so that she could reach it in private.

In addition to her rigorous exercise regimen, Elisabeth practiced demanding beauty routines. Daily care of her abundant and extremely long hair, which in time turned from the dark blonde of her youth to chestnut brunette, took at least three hours.

Her hairdresser, Franziska Feifalik, was originally a stage hairdresser at the Wiener Burgtheater. Responsible for all of Elisabeth's ornate hairstyles, she generally accompanied her on her wanderings.

Feifalik was forbidden to wear rings and required to wear white gloves; after hours of dressing, braiding, and pinning up the Empress' tresses, the hairs that fell out had to be presented in a silver bowl to her reproachful empress for inspection.

When her hair was washed with a combination of eggs and cognac once every two weeks, all activities and obligations were cancelled for that day.

Before her son's death, she tasked Feifalik with tweezing gray hairs away, [18] but at the end of her life her hair was described as "abundant, though streaked with silver threads.

Elisabeth used these captive hours during grooming to learn languages; she spoke fluent English and French, and added modern Greek to her Hungarian studies.

Her Greek tutor, Constantin Christomanos, described the ritual:. Hairdressing takes almost two hours, she said, and while my hair is busy, my mind stays idle.

I am afraid that my mind escapes through the hair and onto the fingers of my hairdresser. Hence my headache afterwards.

The Empress sat at a table which was moved to the middle of the room and covered with a white cloth. She was shrouded in a white, laced peignoir , her hair, unfastened and reaching to the floor, enfolded her entire body.

Elisabeth used cosmetics and perfume sparingly, as she wished to showcase her natural beauty. On the other hand, to preserve her beauty, she tested countless beauty products prepared either in the court pharmacy or by a lady-in-waiting in her own apartments.

Her night and bedtime rituals were just as demanding. Elisabeth slept without a pillow on a metal bedstead, which she believed was better for retaining and maintaining her upright posture; either raw veal or crushed strawberries lined her nightly leather facial mask.

After age thirty-two, she decided she did not want the public image of the eternal beauty challenged. Therefore, she did not sit for any more portraits, and would not allow any photographs.

Franz Joseph was passionately in love with his wife, but she did not reciprocate his feelings fully and felt increasingly stifled by the rigidness of court life.

He was an unimaginative and sober man, a political reactionary who was still guided by his mother and her adherence to the strict Spanish Court Ceremonial regarding both his public and domestic life, whereas Elisabeth inhabited a different world altogether.

Restless to the point of hyperactivity , naturally introverted , and emotionally distant from her husband, she fled him as well as her duties of life at court, avoiding them both as much as she could.

He indulged her wanderings, but constantly and unsuccessfully tried to tempt her into a more domestic life with him.

Elisabeth slept very little and spent hours reading and writing at night, and even took up smoking, a shocking habit for women which made her the further subject of already avid gossip.

She had a special interest in history, philosophy, and literature, and developed a profound reverence for the German lyric poet and radical political thinker, Heinrich Heine , whose letters she collected.

She tried to make a name for herself by writing Heine-inspired poetry. Referring to herself as Titania , Shakespeare 's Fairy Queen, Elisabeth expressed her intimate thoughts and desires in a large number of romantic poems, which served as a type of secret diary.

Her wanderlust is defined by her own work:. Elisabeth was an emotionally complex woman, and perhaps due to the melancholy and eccentricity that was considered a given characteristic of her Wittelsbach lineage the best-known member of the family being her favorite cousin, the eccentric Ludwig II of Bavaria , [23] she was interested in the treatment of the mentally ill.

In , when the Emperor asked her what she would like as a gift for her Saint's Day , she listed a young tiger and a medallion, but: " On 21 August , Elisabeth finally gave birth to an heir, Rudolf — The gun salute announcing the welcome news to Vienna also signaled an increase in her influence at court.

This, combined with her sympathy toward Hungary, made Elisabeth an ideal mediator between the Magyars and the emperor. Her interest in politics had developed as she matured; she was liberal-minded, and placed herself decisively on the Hungarian side in the increasing conflict of nationalities within the empire.

He set forth his views clearly and plainly. I quite understood them and arrived at the conclusion that if you would trust him — and trust him entirely — we might still be saved, not only Hungary, but the monarchy, too I can assure you that you are not dealing with a man desirous of playing a part at any price or striving for a position; on the contrary, he is risking his present position, which is a fine one.

But approaching shipwreck, he, too, is prepared to do all in his power to save it; what he possesses — his understanding and influence in the country — he will lay at your feet.

For the last time I beg you in Rudolf's name not to lose this, at the last moment If you say 'No,' if at the last moment you are no longer willing to listen to disinterested counsels.

Your misfortunes are not on my conscience. When Elisabeth was still blocked from controlling her son's upbringing and education, she openly rebelled.

Due to her nervous attacks, fasting cures, severe exercise regime, and frequent fits of coughing, the state of her health had become so alarming that in October she was reported to suffer not only from "green-sickness" anemia , but also from physical exhaustion.

Skoda , a lung specialist, who advised a stay on Madeira. Elisabeth seized on the excuse and left her husband and children, to spend the winter in seclusion.

Six months later, a mere four days after her return to Vienna, she again experienced coughing fits and fever. She ate hardly anything and slept badly, and Dr.

Skoda observed a recurrence of her lung disease. A fresh rest cure was advised, this time on Corfu , where she improved almost immediately.

If her illnesses were psychosomatic, abating when she was removed from her husband and her duties, her eating habits were causing physical problems as well.

In she had not seen Vienna for a year when her family physician, Dr. Fischer of Munich, examined her and observed serious anemia and signs of "dropsy" edema.

Her feet were sometimes so swollen that she could walk only laboriously, and with the support of others. Elisabeth recovered quickly at the spa, but instead of returning home to assuage the gossip about her absence she spent more time with her own family in Bavaria.

In August , after a two-year absence, she returned shortly before her husband's birthday, but immediately suffered from a violent migraine and vomited four times en route, which might support a theory that some of her complaints were stress-related and psychosomatic.

Rudolf was now four years old, and Franz Joseph hoped for another son to safeguard the succession. Fischer claimed that the health of the empress would not permit another pregnancy, and she would regularly have to go to Kissingen for a cure.

Elisabeth fell into her old pattern of escaping boredom and dull court protocol through frequent walking and riding, using her health as an excuse to avoid both official obligations and sexual intimacy.

Preserving her youthful appearance was also an important influence in her avoidance of pregnancies:.

She was now more assertive in her defiance of her husband and mother-in-law than before, openly opposing them on the subject of the military education of Rudolf, who, like his mother, was extremely sensitive and not suited to the life at court.

After having used every excuse to avoid pregnancy, Elisabeth later decided that she wanted a fourth child. Her decision was at once a deliberate personal choice and a political negotiation: by returning to the marriage, she ensured that Hungary, with which she felt an intense emotional alliance, would gain an equal footing with Austria.

The issue was avoided when she gave birth to a daughter, Marie Valerie — Dubbed the "Hungarian child", she was born in Buda-Pest ten months after her parents' coronation and baptised there in April.

She poured all her repressed maternal feelings on her youngest daughter to the point of nearly smothering her.

Sophie's influence over Elisabeth's children and the court faded, and she died in After having achieved this victory, Elisabeth did not stay to enjoy it, but instead embarked on a life of travel, and saw little of her children.

After her son's death, she commissioned the building of a palace on the Island of Corfu which she named the Achilleion , after Homer 's hero Achilles in The Iliad.

Newspapers published articles on her passion for riding sports , diet and exercise regimens, and fashion sense. Newspapers also reported on a series of reputed lovers.

To prevent him from becoming lonely during her long absences, Elisabeth encouraged her husband Franz Joseph 's close relationship with actress Katharina Schratt.

On her journeys, Elisabeth sought to avoid all public attention and crowds of people. She was mostly travelling incognito, using pseudonyms like 'Countess of Hohenembs'.

Elisabeth also refused to meet European monarchs when she did not feel like it. On her high-speed walking tours, which lasted several hours, she was mostly accompanied by her Greek language tutors or her ladies-in-waiting.

In Elisabeth's life was shattered by the death of her only son Rudolf , who was found dead together with his young lover Baroness Mary Vetsera , in what was suspected to be a murder-suicide on Rudolf's part.

The scandal was known as the Mayerling Incident after the location of Rudolf's hunting lodge in Lower Austria , where they were found.

Elisabeth never recovered from the tragedy, sinking further into melancholy. Within a few years, she had lost her father, Max Joseph in , her only son, Rudolf , her sister Duchess Sophie in Bavaria , Helene and her mother, Ludovika After Rudolf's death she was thought to have dressed only in black for the rest of her life, although a light blue and cream dress discovered by The Hofburg's Sisi Museum dates to this time.

Marie Valerie declared, " The Mayerling scandal increased public interest in Elisabeth, and she continued to be an icon and a sensation in her own right wherever she went.

She wore long black dresses that could be buttoned up at the bottom, and carried a white parasol made of leather in addition to a concealing fan to hide her face from the curious.

Elisabeth spent little time in Vienna with her husband. Their correspondence increased during their last years, however, and their relationship became a warm friendship.

On her imperial steamer, Miramar , Empress Elisabeth travelled through the Mediterranean. Her favourite places were Cape Martin on the French Riviera , and also Sanremo on the Ligurian Riviera, where tourism had started only in the second half of the nineteenth century; Lake Geneva in Switzerland ; Bad Ischl in Austria , where the imperial couple would spend the summer; and Corfu.

Emperor Franz Joseph I was hoping that his wife would finally settle down in her palace Achilleion on Corfu, but Sisi soon lost interest in the fairytale property.

The endless travels became a means of escape for Elisabeth from her life and her misery. In , despite warnings of possible assassination attempts, the year-old Elisabeth traveled incognito to Geneva , Switzerland.

Since the empress despised processions , she insisted that they walk without the other members of her entourage. They were walking along the promenade when the year-old Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni approached them, attempting to peer underneath the empress's parasol.

Failing to find him, the assassin selected Elisabeth when a Geneva newspaper revealed that the elegant woman traveling under the pseudonym of "Countess of Hohenembs" was the Empress Elisabeth of Austria.

I am an anarchist by conviction I came to Geneva to kill a sovereign, with object of giving an example to those who suffer and those who do nothing to improve their social position; it did not matter to me who the sovereign was whom I should kill It was not a woman I struck, but an Empress; it was a crown that I had in view.

After Lucheni struck her, the empress collapsed. The empress then lost consciousness and collapsed next to her. The boat's captain, Captain Roux, was ignorant of Elisabeth's identity and since it was very hot on deck, advised the countess to disembark and take her companion back to her hotel.

Meanwhile, the boat was already sailing out of the harbor. Three men carried Elisabeth to the top deck and laid her on a bench. She then asked, "What has happened?

Alarmed that Elisabeth had not recovered consciousness, she informed the captain of her identity, and the boat turned back to Geneva. Elisabeth was carried back to the Hotel Beau-Rivage by six sailors on a stretcher improvised from a sail, cushions and two oars.

When they then removed her from the stretcher to the bed she was clearly dead; Frau Mayer believed the two audible breaths she heard the Empress take as she was brought into the room were her last.

Two doctors, Dr. Golay and Dr. Mayer arrived, along with a priest, who was too late to grant her absolution.

Mayer incised the artery of her left arm to ascertain death, and found no blood. When Franz Joseph received the telegram informing him of Elisabeth's death, his first fear was that she had committed suicide.

It was only when a later message arrived, detailing the assassination, that he was relieved of that notion. The telegram asked permission to perform an autopsy, and the answer was that whatever procedures were prescribed by Swiss Law should be adhered to.

The autopsy was performed the next day by Golay, who discovered that the weapon, which had not yet been found, had penetrated 3. Because of the sharpness and thinness of the file the wound was very narrow and, due to pressure from Elisabeth's extremely tight corseting, the hemorrhage of blood into the pericardial sac around the heart was slowed to mere drops.

Until this sac filled, the beating of her heart was not impeded, which is why Elisabeth had been able to walk from the site of the assault and up the boat's boarding ramp.

Had the weapon not been removed, she would have lived a while longer, as it would have acted like a plug to stop the bleeding.

Golay photographed the wound, but turned the photograph over to the Swiss Procurator-General, who had it destroyed, on the orders of Franz Joseph, along with the autopsy instruments.

As Geneva shuttered itself in mourning, Elisabeth's body was placed in a triple coffin: two inner ones of lead, the third exterior one in bronze, reposing on lion claws.

On Tuesday, before the coffins were sealed, Franz Joseph's official representatives arrived to identify the body.

The coffin was fitted with two glass panels, covered with doors, which could be slid back to allow her face to be seen. On Wednesday morning, Elisabeth's body was carried back to Vienna aboard a funeral train.

After the attack, Lucheni fled down the Rue des Alpes, where he threw the file into the entrance to No. He was caught by two cabdrivers and a sailor, then secured by a gendarme.

The weapon was found the next day by the concierge during his morning cleaning; he thought it belonged to a laborer who had moved the day before and did not notify the police of his discovery until the following day.

There was no blood on the file and the tip was broken off, which occurred when Lucheni threw it away. The file was so dull in appearance it was speculated that it had been deliberately selected because it would be less noticeable than a shiny knife, which would have given Lucheni away as he approached.

Although Lucheni boasted that he acted alone, because many political refugees found a haven in Switzerland, the possibility that he was part of a plot and that the life of the emperor was also in danger, was considered.

Once it was discovered that an Italian was responsible for Elisabeth's murder, unrest swept Vienna and reprisals were threatened against Italians. The intensity of shock, mourning, and outrage far exceeded that which occurred at the news of Rudolf's death.

The Hungarians admired her, especially for her endeavours in bringing about the Compromise of Her enthusiasm for Hungary, however, affronted German sentiment within Austria.

The suicide of her only son, the crown prince Rudolf , in , was a shock from which Elisabeth never fully recovered.

It was during a visit to Switzerland that she was mortally stabbed by an Italian anarchist, Luigi Luccheni. Article Media.

Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Alternative Titles: Elisabeth of Bavaria, Elizabeth. Britannica Explores Women Trailblazers. Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront.

From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell.

Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

Empress Of Austria Sissi Sisi's travels

Main page Welcome Community portal Village pump Help center. Empress Elisabeth A complex personality and the stages of her life Sisi is one of the most interesting women Gaming the 19th century, for this member of the House of Wittelsbach is a modern and variable woman who fits Schlag Den Raab Kostenlos pattern. Got it! Fur shop window of Josef Katzer. Nixe miramarp. Her poetic self-image is that of a seagull, an animal which symbolizes freedom and independence Casino Slots Welcome Bonus also homelessness. Empress of Austria - Her visits to Easton Neston. Early life in Bavaria.

Empress Of Austria Sissi Video

-- Sisi -- Empress Elisabeth of Austria --